Estonia and all you need to know about this country

Estonia and all you need to know

Is Estonia the Country for the Future? People, Economy, History and Facts.

Estonia is a country in Northern Europe. Located along the Baltic sea and the Gulf of Finland.

Estonia gained independence in 1991. It did from the Soviet Union and it is a country of about 1,332,000 population as at 2021.

Form of government practiced in the country is Unitary multiparty Republic with a single legislative house (Riigikogu, or Parliament).

The official currency of Estonia is the euro, commonly written as the currency code EUR or with the sign €. One euro is a base unit, made up of 100 cents.

Estonia has it’s currency exchange rate at 1 USD equalling 0.93 euro.


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Language and Literacy in Estonia

Roughly 1.1 million people speak the Estonian language. The language is most similar to Finnish. It is quite unique among European languages, belonging to the Finno-Ugric family along with Finnish and Hungarian.

Most words look to be from a different planet sound mesmerisingly melodic. Around 1.1 million people globally speak the elven language.

Estonia has one of the highest literacy rates in the world at 99.8%. Nearly everyone speaks a foreign language, most commonly English and Russian, but also Finnish, German or Swedish.

This makes getting around Estonia easy, though an aitäh (thank you) is always appreciated.

Education system in Estonia is based on four levels which include pre-school (early childhood education), basic, secondary and higher education.

The history of formal education in Estonia dates back to the 13–14th centuries. This was when the first monastic and cathedral schools were founded.

Estonia has combined a belief in learning with equal-access technology to create one of world’s best education systems.

PISA tests have shown that Estonia has been successful in increasing equity in education – here, everyone has the access to high-quality education.

The International Social Survey Programme 2015 found that 57.0% of the Estonian population declared to belong to a Christian denomination. This is divided between a 27.6% who were Eastern Orthodox, 26.0% Lutheran and 3.3% who belonged to smaller Christian denominations. Only 38.9% declared to have no religion.

Life expectancy Male: (2019) 74.4 years • Female: (2019) 82.8 years.

Holiday and Celebration in Estonia

There are plenty of traditional customs which are practiced in Estonia.

On February 24, 1918, Estonia gained its independence and became a country with its own flag, language, and government.

It is not hard to guess that Spring Day is celebrated on May 1 when spring officially starts. There is a tradition for people to dress up as witches the night before and make huge bonfires which serve as a gathering place for dancing, singing, and drinking.

Midsummer Day, also known as Jaanipäev, is one of the biggest celebrations in Estonia. Every year locals try to escape from the cities and get intact with nature on the shortest night of the year.

Some of the most common traditions are making a huge bonfire and jumping over it, looking for a blossomed fern which can make all the wishes come true, and simply enjoying nature by dancing, singing and drinking.

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Whitsunday is celebrated exactly 50 days after Easter. Local Christians believe it is the day when the Holy Ghost approached the disciples of Jesus Christ.

All over Estonia the most common symbol of Whitsunday which are doves and other symbols of all kind of shapes and forms are easily found.

On June 23, Estonians celebrate Victory Day. It is the day when Estonians won the Estonian War for Independence against Nazis.

Naturally, Estonians are proud of this particular achievement and that is why a huge celebration takes place.

Economy of Estonia

Estonia ranks 4th place among 45 countries of the European region. The GDP per capita is expected to hit 21270.00 USD by the end of 2024 and it has a projected trend around 21951.00 USD in 2025.

One major contributing factor to the accelerated growth of which has one of the fastest growing economies in the European Union is the abundance of natural resources.

The major natural resources in the country include oil shale, sea mud, construction sand, lake mud, and construction gravel.

Estonia, having branded itself as the first “Digital Republic” in the world has digitized 99% of its public services.

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And in an era where trust for public services are declining, Estonia effortlessly achieved one of the highest ratings on trust in government in the EU.

The Estonians claim that this digitalization of public services saves more than 1400 years of working time and contributes 2% of its GDP rise annually.

Estonia is pretty safe to travel to. Its crime rates are mostly low, and though there are areas to avoid, pickpockets, mugging or other types of assault are not common.

However, the capital city of Tallinn can get a bit dangerous, like any other major city.

The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in Estonia was worth 30.65 billion US dollars in 2020, according to official data from the World Bank. The GDP value of Estonia represents 0.03 percent of the world economy.

Could Estonia be the next World Economic Power?

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